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Historic & Revived Languages


Latin was historically the language of the Roman Empire, but spread through Europe and beyond, thanks partially to its role in the Roman Catholic Church and in higher register.

Regulus — in Latin


Regulus — in Latin


Regulus — in Latin


Principulus — in Latin




Malkuno Zcuro — in Aramaic, an ancient language influencing semitic languages currently used today.



Hebrew was revived as a spoken language two millennia after it ceased to be spoken. Although used in liturgy, and to a limited extent commerce, it was extinct as a language used in everyday life until its revival, considered impractically archaic or too sacred for day-to-day communication, although it was, in fact, used as an international language between Jews who had no other common tongue, with several Hebrew-medium newspapers in circulation around Europe at the beginning of the 19th century. Starting in the late 19th century, it was revived as an everyday spoken language as part of the emerging Zionist movement.

הנסיך הקטן – in Modern Hebrew, a language used by Jewish communities worldwide.



Kumanian was a Kipchak Turkic language spoken by the Cumans (Polovtsy, Folban, Vallany, Kun) and Kipchaks; the language was similar to today’s various languages of the Kipchak-Cuman branch. Cuman is documented in medieval works, including the Codex Cumanicus, and it was a literary language in the Central and Eastern Europe that left a rich literary inheritance. The language became the main language (lingua franca) of the Golden Horde.

Pytitel Prẽs — in Cuman / Kuman / Kumanian